当前位置: 首页 > >

(新课标)2020届高考英语一轮复*专题一语法基础考点八并列句和状语从句(含解析)

发布时间:

考点八 并列句和状语从句
限时 25 分钟 一、单句语法填空 1.Sometimes it's hard to accept the truth ________ the lie sounds so much better. 答案:because 句意:有时候事实真相很难被接受,因为谎言往往要顺耳多了。此处表 示原因,故填 because。 2.________ noted otherwise, these brochures are free of charge. 答案:Unless 句意:除非另外标注,否则这些小册子都是免费的。根据语意可知,用 unless。本题也是一个省略句,相当于 Unless these brochures are noted ... 。 3.She was such a proud person that she would die ________ she would admit she was wrong. 答案:before 句意:她是个如此骄傲的人以至于她宁愿死也不愿承认她是错的。这里 用 before,翻译成“宁可……也不愿”,常与 will 或 would 连用。 4.I think John will make a good monitor, ________ I'd like to vote for him. 答案:so 句意:我认为约翰会成为一个好班长,所以我想选他。前后句是因果关系, 故填 so。 5.My mother is always warning me when I go out, “Don't get off the bus ________ it is running.” 答案:while 句意:我出去的时候,妈妈总是警告我:“不要在车还在走的时候下车。” 此处 while 意为“当……的时候”。 6.I had hardly rung the bell ________ the door was opened suddenly, and my son rushed out to greet me. 答案:when 句意:我刚一(几乎还没有)按门铃,门突然就被打开了,我儿子就冲出来 迎接我。hardly/scarcely ... when,表示“一……就,刚刚……就”。 7.I won't lend you my car ________ you promise you will not drive after drinking. 答案:unless 句意:我不会把我的车借给你,除非你保证不会酒后开车。根据句意可 知,此处表示“除非”,因此用 unless。 8.He had to sell his luxury car, ________ his company was in debt. 答案:for 句意:他不得不卖掉自己的豪车,因为他的公司负债了。for “因为”。根 据句意可知这里表示原因,且为补充说明。 9.Kate, run a bit faster, ________ you can catch up with all of your classmates. 答案:and 句意:凯特,再跑快一点儿,你就能够赶上你所有的同学了。本句是“祈使
-1-

句+连词+陈述句”结构。and 表顺承关系,故填 and。 10.________ the movie star has always been the focus of much media attention,
he tries to lead a normal life. 答案:While/Though/Although 句意:虽然这个影星一直是媒体关注的焦点,但是他试
图过一种正常的生活。根据题意可知,前后分句是让步关系, 故填 While/Though/Although。 11.You should try to get a good night sleep, ________ much work you have to do. 答案:however 句意:无论你有多少工作要做,你应该尽力保证有充足的睡眠。
however/no matter how 可 以 引 导 让 步 状 语 从 句 , 结 构 是 : however/no matter how + adj./adv.+主语+谓语。
12.When you read the book, you'd better make a mark ________ you have any question. 答案:where 句意:当你读这本书的时候,你最好在你有问题的地方做好标记。where 此处引导地点状语从句。 13.Relax yourself every day, ________ you'll be too tired to get good grades. 答案:or 本句是“祈使句+连词+陈述句”结构。or 表示转折关系,意为“否则”, 故填 or。 14.________ students decide which college to go to, they should research the admission procedures. 答案:Once 句意:一旦决定了要上哪所大学,学生们应该去查询学校的录取程序。once “一旦”。根据句意可知,前后分句之间是条件关系,故填 Once。 15.Mr White had no sooner finished the speech ________ the students started cheering. 答案:than 句意:怀特老师一完成报告同学们就欢呼起来。hardly ... when=no sooner ... than=scarcely ... when “一……就……”。 16.Jim said he was ill, ________ I saw him in the street just now. 答案:yet/but 句意:吉姆说他生病了,然而/但是我刚才在大街上看到了他。yet “然 而”,but “但是”,都表转折关系,连接句子。 17.Leave it with me ________ I will see what I can do with it. 答案:and 句意:把它交给我吧,我看看能怎么处理。“祈使句+and+陈述句”是固 定句式。 18.It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life ________ we've actually had that lesson. 答案:until 句意:对我们来说,从生活中吸取经验教训很难,直到我们真正经历过那 次教训。until 在此为连词,意为“直到……为止”,符合句意。 19 . ________ the worker has limited technical knowledge, he has a lot of
-2-

experience. 答案:Though/Although/While 句意:尽管技术知识有限,但是这位工人却有丰富的经
验。though/although/while “虽然;尽管”。 20.—How much did he charge you for repairing your iPhone? —I don't remember, ________ it was quite a lot. 答案:but 句意:——他修你的苹果手机要了你多少钱?——我不记得了,但要了很多
钱。设空处前后两个分句之间是转折关系,故用并列连词 but。 21.You may use the room as you like as long ________ you clean it up afterwards. 答案:as 句意:你可以随意使用这间屋子,只要你在用完之后把它打扫干净。 as long
as “只要”。 22.Don't drive so fast ________ you'll have an accident. 答案:or 句意:不要开得那么快,否则会出车祸的。“祈使句+and/or+陈述句”为
固定句式。此处表示转折,故填 or。 23.Peter was so excited ________ he received an invitation from his friend to
visit Chongqing. 答案:when 句意:当彼得收到朋友请他去重庆的邀请信时非常激动。句中 when 引导时
间状语从句。 24.He got up early so ________ he could catch the first bus. 答案:that 句意:他起得很早,目的是赶上早班车。so that 引导目的状语从句。 25.Only ________ a teacher has given permission is a student allowed to leave
the room. 答案:if 句意:只有老师允许,学生才能离开教室。only if 位于句首,后跟状语从
句时,主句用部分倒装。 26.________ you believe it or not, it is real. 答案:Whether 句意:不管你相信与否,那都是真的。whether ... or ... “不管……
还是……”。 27.________ you say, he won't believe you. 答案:Whatever 句意:无论你说什么,他都不会相信你。whatever 引导让步状语从句
并在从句中作宾语。 28.It's been five years ________ he left. 答案:since “It is/has been+一段时间+since ...”句式意为“自从……以来已
经多长时间了”。 29.You must do the work ________ you are told. 答案:as 句意:你必须按照被告知的那样来做这个工作。as 在句中引导方式状语从句。
-3-

30.Neither can I speak French ________ can I write it. 答案:nor 句意:我既不会说法语也不会写。neither ... nor ... “既不……也 不……”,表并列关系。 二、单句改错 1.A good storyteller must be able to hold his listeners' curiosity before he reaches the end of the story. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:before→until 句意:一个好的讲故事的人必须能抓住听众的好奇心,直到他讲 完这个故事为止。主句的谓语动词为延续性动词,且主句为肯定句,应用 until,意为“直 到……为止”。 2.As young men, we should learn to stand up when we fall in our life. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:when→where 句意:作为年轻人,在生活中我们应该学会从我们跌倒的地方站起 来。此处用 where 引导地点状语从句。 3.I don't mind where I live unless there is my favorite job. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:unless→if 句意:如果有我喜欢的工作,我不介意在哪儿生活。if 引导条件状 语从句。unless=if ... not。 4.Clever although he is, he doesn't study well. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:although→as/though 本句中有一个让步状语从句,句型应该是“名词/副词/ 动词/形容词/过去分词+as/though +主语+be+其他成分。” 5.I felt that it would be a victory for us even we lost the game. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:even 后加 if/though 句意: 我认为即使我们比赛输了,对于我们来说也是一个 胜利。根据语意,添加 if 或者 though。 6.Any measure of ad's performance is entirely pointless when it could be viewed by a person. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:when→unless 句意:如果一个广告没有人看,广告的任何表现形式都是完全没 有意义的。根据语境,强调条件,而不是时间,故 when 改为 unless。 7.Find more chances to praise your children often, otherwise you'll find they are willing to communicate with you. ________________________________________________________________________
-4-

答案:otherwise→and 句意:多找机会经常表扬你的孩子,那么你就会发现他们愿意 和你交流。根据前面的祈使句和语境可知,此处是顺承关系,故将 otherwise 改为 and。
8.With time goes by, the little boy is becoming stronger and stronger. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:With→As 或 goes→going 句意:随着时光的流逝,这名小男孩变得越来越强壮。 as “随着”,在此为连词,指前后两种动作同时发生;with “随着”,为介词。 9.It won't matter even he refuses. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:even 后加 if/though 句意:即使他拒绝了也没关系。even if/though “即使”。 10.Next time that I plan to travel in London, I'm going to take a plane. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:去掉 that 或 that→when next time 可视为连词,也可以视为时间状语。 11.Though the work was difficult, but we managed to finish it in time. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:去掉 but 在 although 和 though 引导的让步状语从句后,主句里不可用 but。 12.She said to me, “I'll tell you the result of the test at the moment I know it.” ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:去掉 at the moment 为连词,意思是“一……就……”,相当于 as soon as。 类似用法的词还有:the minute/instant;instantly/immediately/directly 等。 13.Much since I like all the books, I can't afford to buy them. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:since→as/though 当 as 表示“虽然,尽管”时,其引导的让步状语从句应用倒 装语序。即将让步状语从句中作表语的名词或形容词、作状语的副词、作谓语的实义动词提 前。though 也有此用法。 14.Jim is so a good boy that everyone likes him. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:so→such such a/an+adj.+名词+that; so+adj.+a/an+名词+that “如 此……以至于”,that 引导结果状语从句,故 so 改为 such。 15.I am about to leave while there is a knock on the door. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:while→when 句意:我正要离开的时候,突然传来了敲门声。be about to do sth. when ... “正要做某事突然发生了另一件事情”。
-5-

并列句 并列句由两个或两个以上的简单句构成。在并列句中,这些简单句常由并列连词连在一 起。并列连词所连接的简单句被称为分句。并列连词主要表示并列、选择、转折、因果等关 系。 一、表示并列关系的连词 表示并列关系的连词有 and, both ... and ..., not ... but ..., not only ... but also, neither ... nor ..., either ... or ... 等。 I came here in 2001, and I have lived here ever since. Not_only do they offer you joy and excitement, but_also encourage you to think critically. 二、表示选择关系的连词 表示选择关系的连词有 or, either ... or ... 等。 Now you can have a rest or you can go to the cinema. 三、表示转折关系的连词 表示转折关系的连词有 but, yet 等。 It's an old car, but it's very reliable. 四、表示因果关系的连词 表示因果关系的连词有 for, so 等。 It must have rained last night, for it is wet all over. He got up late, so he didn't catch the early bus. 五、when 也可用作并列连词,其意义为“这时,那时”,相当于 and at this/that time 常用于下列句式:①Sb.was/were doing sth.when ... ②Sb.was/were about to/going to do/on the point of doing sth.when ... ③Sb.had just done sth. when...。 We were having lunch when the doorbell rang. They were about to set off when it began to rain. 六、while 作为并列连词,意为“而,却”,表示对比 He likes pop music, while I am fond of folk music. 七、“祈使句+and/or/or else+陈述句”固定句式 Study hard and you will succeed. Follow your doctor's advice, or your cough will get worse.
限时 25 分钟 一、单句语法填空
-6-

1.(2018·北京高考)________ we don't stop climate change, many animals and plants in the world will be gone.
答案:If 句意:如果我们不阻止气候变化,世界上的很多动植物将会消失。if 引导条 件状语从句,主句表明造成的后果。
2.(2018·天津高考)Let's not pick these peaches until this weekend so ________ they get sweet enough to be eaten.
答案:that 句意:让我们这个周末再摘桃子,这样的话,它们吃起来就变得足够的甜。 从句为目的状语从句,故用 so that 引导。
3.(2018·江苏高考)________ you can sleep well, you will lose the ability to focus, plan and stay motivated after one or two nights.
答案:Unless 句意:除非你睡得好,否则一两个晚上之后,你会失去专注、计划和保 持动力的能力。
4.(2018·浙江高考)I was performing this action of waiting ________ it later became a habit.
答案:until 句意:我继续这种拖延,直到它成了一种*惯。根据句意填 until。 5.(2018·福建龙岩质检)But for now, they all have to postpone their plans ________ the winter storms pass. 答案:until/till 句意:但是现在他们都得把他们的计划推迟到冬季风暴结束时才能 实施。根据句意可知设空处填 till 或 until。 6.(2018·四川成都外国语学校月考)I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road then, but ________ I drove up to the light, it turned red, and I braked to a halt. 答案:as/when 句意:我来到了一个有交通信号灯的十字路口。当时我独自在公路上, 但是当我开车到信号灯处时,它变红了,我踩刹车停了下来。设空处引导时间状语从句,表 示“当……的时候”,故填 as 或 when。 7.(2016·北京高考)I am not afraid of tomorrow, ________ I have seen yesterday and I love today. 答案:for 句意:我不害怕明天,因为我见证了昨天,热爱今天。语境表示因果关系, 故用并列连词 for,说明原因。 8.(2018·安徽高中联考)Many colleges have club sports available ________ to meet a special interest or fill a gap where an inter?collegiate (校际的) team is not available. 答案:either 句意:许多大学设有俱乐部体育运动或是为了满足特别的兴趣需要,或 是 为 了 弥 补 没 有 校 际 联 队 的 缺 陷 。 根 据 对 句 子 中 or 前 后 意 思 的 分 析 可 知 ,
-7-

“either ... or ...”说明大学里进行俱乐部体育运动的两个作用。

9.(2016·全国卷Ⅲ)Over time, ________ the population grew, people began cutting

food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly.

答案:as/when 句意:经过一段时间,随着人口的增长(当人口增长时),人们开始把食

物切成小块,这样熟得更快。as/when 引导时间状语从句。

10.(2018·陕西咸阳二模)Researchers have found, in their experiment, that

a baby's cries can cause unique emotional responses in the brain, making it impossible

for us to ignore them ________

we are parents or not.

答案:whether 句意:研究人员在他们的实验中发现,婴儿啼哭能够引起头脑中独特的

情感反应,使得我们不可能忽略他们,无论我们是不是父母。whether ... or ... 可用来

引导让步状语从句,意为“无论……还是……”。

11.(2019·湖南邵阳二次联考)In fact, the discontent things are not useless

________ you may learn more from them than from the things that cheer you up.

答案:since/because 句意:事实上,令人不满意的东西不是没有用途,因为与那些使

你高兴的东西相比,它们可能会使你学到更多。此处应用连词引导原因状语从句。

12.(2016·四川高考)________ it cried, she rocked it back and forth and gave it

little comforting pats.

答案:When/If 句意:当它哭的时候/如果它哭,她来回摇晃它并且轻拍安慰它。此处

可用 when 来引导时间状语从句,或用 if 引导条件状语从句。

13.(2018·全国卷Ⅱ)Dismissing small talk as unimportant is easy, ________ we

can't forget that deep relationships wouldn't even exist if it weren't for casual

conversation.

答案:but 句意:把闲谈看作不重要的事情是很容易的,但是我们不要忘了如果没有闲

谈的话,密切的关系也不会存在。前后表示转折关系,因此使用 but。

14.(2018·黄冈中学 5 月适应性考试)And ________ trade begins, the benefits are

hard to resist.

答案:once 句意:一旦贸易开始,利润就很难抵抗了。此处表示“一旦”,故填 once,

引导状语从句。

15.(2018·山东烟台高三质检)Sometimes tests are needed ________ doctors discover

exactly what's wrong with your body.

答案:before 句意:有时在医生确切地发现你的身体出了什么问题之前做检查是必要

的。根据前后句的关系,我们可以判断出检查应在医生诊断之前,故填 before。

16.(2018·天津高考)Next time you take a walk, no matter ________ it is, take

in all the sights, sounds and sensations.

-8-

答案:where 句意:下一次你散步的时候,无论在哪儿,欣赏所有的风景、声音和感觉。 no matter where 引导让步状语从句。
17.(2019·陕西省部分学校摸底检测)I looked at the key more closely ________ I realized it was a car key.
答案:and 句意:我更仔细地看看这把钥匙,然后意识到它是一把汽车钥匙。此处表顺 承,故用 and 连接两个句子。
18.(2018·天津高考)________ you move to a new area, you should locate the fire alarm pull stations and the two exits nearest your room.
答案:Whenever 句意:无论什么时间你搬到一个新地区,你应该查找火警自动警报器 和你房间最*的两个出口的位置。此处表示“无论什么时候”,因此使用 whenever 引导让步 状语从句。
19.(2018·浙江高考)________ his regular job was boring, I asked him why he just didn't do his sideline full?time.
答案:Since 句意:因为他的全职工作令人厌烦,我问他为什么不把副业当成全职来做。 此处表示“原因”,故填 Since,引导原因状语从句。
20.(2018·江苏高考)From 2004 to 2013, agricultural land values doubled, ________ they continue to rise in many regions.
答案:and 句意:从 2004 年到 2013 年,农业土地的价值增加了一倍,并且在很多区域 它们的价值在继续上涨。根据语境,表示并列关系,故填 and。
21.(2018·全国卷Ⅰ)I jumped at the idea of taking the class ________, after all, who doesn't want to save a few dollars?
答案:because 句意:我迫不及待地想去上这门选修课,因为毕竟谁不想省几个钱呢? 此处表示原因,故使用 because 引导原因状语从句。
22 . (2018· 陕 西 渭 南 模拟 )Allow children space to voice their opinions even ________ they are different from yours.
答案:if/though 句意:即使孩子们的观点与你的不同,也要给孩子们表达他们观点的 自由空间。even if/though “即使”,引导让步状语从句。
23.(2018·辽宁质检)The medicine works more effectively ________ you drink some hot water after taking it.
答案:if 句意:如果吃药后再喝点热水,药物的效果会更好。此处 if 引导条件状语从 句。
24.(2019·广西南宁测试)You have to move out of the way ________ the truck cannot get past you.
答案:or 句意:你得让让路,不然卡车过不去。根据句子结构和句意可知,空格处应
-9-

用 or,意为“否则,不然”。 25.(2018·山东威海模拟)Thank you for your advice, ________ this is something
I have to figure out myself. 答案:but 句意:谢谢您的建议,但这是只有我自己才能解决的事情。根据句意及“have
to figure out myself”可知,此处表示转折,所以填 but。 26.(2018·山东威海期中)My partner wants to keep the company small ________ I'd
like to expand it. 答案:while 句意:我的合伙人想让公司保持小规模,而我却想扩大它。空格前后两个
分句之间是对比关系,应该用 while 连接,意为“而,然而”。 27.(2019·济南外国语学校高三月考)He had me stop and repeat the procedure two
or three more times ________ I grasped it. 答案:until/till 句意:他让我停下来并且重复了两三次这个过程,直到我掌握了它。
根据句意,可知填 until 或者 till。 28.(2019·江西上饶高三检测)After 40 years of reform and opening?up, China still
has a long way to go ________ it becomes a “developed economy”. 答案:before 句意:经过 40 年的改革开放,中国在成为“发达经济体”之前还有很长
的路要走。故填 before。 29.(2018·江苏高考)Hopefully in 2025 we will no longer be e?mailing each other,
________ we will have developed more convenient electronic communication tools by then.
答案:for 句意:很有可能到 2025 年我们不再互发邮件,因为那时我们将已经研发出 更加便利的电子通讯工具。for 是并列连词,表示原因。
30.(2018·甘肃会宁联考)One can always manage to do more things, no matter ________ full one's schedule is in life.
答案:how 句意:无论一个人的生活日程有多么满,他总能设法做更多的事情。“no matter+疑问词”引导让步状语从句,no matter how “无论多么……”。
二、单句改错 1.(2018·全国卷Ⅰ)At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return every two years, but he agreed. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:but→and “我计划每两年回乡下一次”与“我父亲同意了”是并列关系,不表 示转折,故将 but 改为 and。 2.(2018·全国卷Ⅱ)The games my parents taught me where I was a child turned out to be very useful later in my life.
- 10 -

________________________________________________________________________ 答案:where→when 根据后面的“I was a child”可知,“当我还是一个孩子的时候”, 是一个时间状语从句,故将 where 改为 when。 3.(2018·全国卷Ⅱ)I didn't realize how right my parents were when I entered high school. ________________________________________________________________________ 答 案 : when→until 句 意 : 我 直 到 进 入 高 中 才 意 识 到 我 的 父 母 是 多 么 地 正 确 。 not ... until “直到……才……”。 4.(2018·全国卷Ⅱ)Exercise energizes you, so it is more difficult to relax and have a peaceful sleep after you are very excited. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:after→when 句意:锻炼使你获得能量,因此当你兴奋的时候,很难放松并且获 得一个安静的睡眠。when “当……时”。 5.(2018·人大附中高三考前热身)However you choose to do with your summer, try something new! ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:However→Whatever 句意:夏天无论你选择做什么,尝试新鲜事物吧!do 后面 缺宾语,故用 whatever,而 however 后跟形容词或副词。 6.(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:去掉 but 句意:餐馆虽然不大,却在我们这个区域很受欢迎。 though 不和 but 连用,因 though 位于句首,故去掉 but。 7.(2018·江西省八校联考)My little brother is very smart that he is second to none in my hometown. ________________________________________________________________________ 答 案 : very→so 句 意 : 我 的 小 弟 弟 如 此 聪 明 以 至 于 他 在 我 的 家 乡 首 屈 一 指 。 so ... that ... 引导结果状语从句。 8.(2016·四川高考)Mom has a full?time job, so she has to do most of the housework. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:so→but 句意:妈妈做全职工作,但是她得干大部分家务活。前后句之间为转折 关系,故应用 but 连接。 9.(2018·安徽合肥八中段考)Unfortunately I won't be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. ________________________________________________________________________
- 11 -

答案:although→because/as 句意:不幸的是,我不能去机场接你,因为我下午有课。 根据句意可知,前后两个句子之间是因果关系。
10.(2019·洛阳统考)She kept on turning back to see me unless we couldn't see each other any longer.
________________________________________________________________________ 答案:unless→until/till until/till “直到”,引导时间状语从句。 11.(2018·沈阳模拟)She did not speak to anyone but nobody spoke to her. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:but→and 两个分句间为顺承的并列关系,故将 but 改为 and。 12.(2018·全国卷Ⅲ)After I knew it an hour had passed and it was time to move on to lunch. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:After→Before 句意:我还没有意识到这一点,一个小时已经过去了,并且到了 去吃午饭的时间了。 13.(2018·南昌模拟)One day, I was cooking in the kitchen as the telephone rang. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:as→when be doing sth.when ... “正在做某事这时……”。 14.(2018·全国卷Ⅰ)We love Mexican churros, but I buy them on my phone from my local Mexican takeaway restaurant. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:but→so 句意:我们喜欢墨西哥小油条,因此我们通过电话从当地的墨西哥外卖 餐馆中购买它们。空格前后是因果关系,而不是转折关系,故将 but 改为 so。 15.(2018·拉萨模拟)It isn't very cold, but you needn't bring many clothes with you. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:but→so 由语境可知,前后两句为前因后果的关系,故用 so 连接。
状语从句 一、时间状语从句 1.when, while 和 as when 引导的从句的谓语动词既可是延续性动词,也可是非延续性动词;while 引导的从 句的谓语动词必须是延续性的,侧重主句动作和从句动作相对比;as 引导的从句的谓语动词 可以是延续性动词,也可以是非延续性动词,有“随着”之意,多用于主从句动作同时发生。 When/While my mother was cleaning the room, I was reading a novel.
- 12 -

The students took notes as they listened. 2.as soon as, immediately, directly, the moment, the minute, no sooner ... than, hardly/scarcely ... when 等引导时间状语从句时,常译为“一……就……”。 I'll call you as_soon_as I arrive in Shanghai. 3.before 和 since before 常译为“在……之前;还未来得及……就……;多久之后才……”,句式为“It was/will be+时间段+before ...”;since “自从……”,句式为“It is/has been+ 时间段+since ...”。 You'd better write the phrases down before you forget them. It's_been ten years since we came here. 4.until 和 till 主句为肯定句时,主句谓语用延续性动词,指动作一直持续到从句谓语动作发生,意为 “直到……”;主句为否定句时,主句谓语用短暂性动词,指动作直到从句谓语动作发生时 才开始,意为“直到……才……”。 I waited for him until school was over. The boy didn't go to bed until his mother came back. 注意:名词(短语)each time, every time, next time, the first time 等也可用作连 词,引导时间状语从句。 二、原因状语从句 原因状语从句一般用 because, as, since 等来引导。 because 语气最强,表示必然的因果关系,用来回答 why 的提问。since 语气稍弱,表示 对方已经知晓的原因或事实,意为“既然;因为;由于”。as 语气最弱,从句说明原因,主 句说明结果,主从并重。它表示的原因是双方已知的事实或显而易见的原因。 He didn't go to school because he was ill. Since it is late, I shall go home now. As he wasn't there, we left a message. 三、结果状语从句 结果状语从句用 so ... that ...,such ... that, so that 引导。
It was such delicious food that they ate it up. The teacher spoke loud so_that everybody heard him. 四、目的状语从句 目的状语从句用 so that, in order that, in case, for fear that 引导,从句谓语常 含有 may, might, can, could, will, would 等情态动词。 We turned on the light so_that we could see clearly what it was.
- 13 -

Lily didn't want to get out of bed for_fear_that she might wake her baby up. 五、让步状语从句 1.让步状语从句一般用(al)though, as, while, even though/if, no matter+疑问 词,疑问词?ever 引导。
Though he had a cold, he still worked in his office. He will come on time even_if it rains. 2.as 引导让步状语从句时,从句的表语、状语、谓语部分的实义动词应置于句首;若 表语是可数名词单数,其前不能有冠词。 Try as he might, he still couldn't lift the big case. Child as he is, he learns many things from the books. 3.疑问词?ever 与“no matter+疑问词”引导让步状语从句时可以互换。
Keep calm, whatever/no_matter_what happens. Wherever/No_matter_where you go, I'll go with you.
注意:疑问词?ever 既可以引导让步状语从句也可以引导名词性从句,而“no matter+ 疑问词”只能引导让步状语从句。
六、地点状语从句 地点状语从句用 where, wherever, anywhere, everywhere 等引导。 Where there is a will, there is a way. You can put the book wherever you like. 七、条件状语从句 条件状语从句用 if, unless, as/so long as 等引导,unless 相当于 if ... not。 I will buy a computer if I am able to save up enough money. I'm happy as__long_as you are happy. 八、方式状语从句 方式状语从句用 as, as if/though 等引导。as if/though 引导的从句常用虚拟语气(但 是当说话者认为句子所述的是真实的或极有可能发生或存在的事实时,从句要用陈述语气)。 The worker finished his work as the boss told him. She treats her husband as_if he were a stranger. 九、比较状语从句 比较状语从句由 as, than 等引导,从句中通常省略与主句相同的部分,或用助动词 do, does, did 代替与主句部分相同的谓语。 There are as many people in our town as (there are) in your town. I know you better than he (does).
- 14 -

- 15 -




友情链接: